17° Simpósio Edwaldo Camargo e 1° Congresso CancerThera

Dados do Trabalho




Anorectal melanoma is a rare tumor that develops in melanin producing pigment cells of the
anus and rectum. As a rare entity there is not much literature regarding the management of
this pathology. It`s a difficult diagnosis and the majority of patients present metastases.
Therefore we presented a case of probable anorectal melanoma submitted to 18F-FDG


76 years old, male with history of anal pain and sporadic bleeding after bowel movement in
the last 6 months. Bowel habits of 3-4 times daily and weight loss not quantified in the
period. Digital rectal examination revealed a vegetative, friable and painful lesion, found 1
cm from anal verge, in the anterior wall, extending for 3 cm and presence of blood.
Colonoscopy revealed an infiltrative, multilobular, friable and non stenosing lesion,
measuring 5 cm and including pectineal line and anterior wall of the anus. Biopsy revealed
colorectal mucosa with atypical cellular proliferation and ulceration and
immunohistochemistry demonstrated markers that confirmed the diagnosis of melanoma
(primary lesion or metastatic). Chest and abdominal CT scans demonstrated lung, liver and
left adrenal lesions. 18F- FDG PET/CT was performed for primary staging. PET scan
revealed hypermetabolism in anorectal wall thickening, that might be the primary lesion and
in multiple hypermetabolic lesions in thyroid, lungs, liver, left adrenal, stomach lesser
curvature, retroperitoneal and pelvic nodes, peritoneal implants and bones, suggesting
metastatic involvement.


This report shows a patient with a clinical picture, physical examination and complementary
exams compatible with anorectal neoplasia. Immunohistochemistry confirms the diagnosis of
melanoma. Anorectal melanomas are extremely rare and aggressive. Lymphatic
dissemination of anal melanomas results in distant metastases to the liver and lungs by up
to 90% of cases. These findings are in line with the FDG PET/CT reported in our study.
18F-FDG PET/CT may be useful in the primary staging of anal melanoma patients and in
identifying lesions missed by other conventional radiological methods.

Palavras Chave

melanoma; anorectal; 18F-FDG PET/CT


Medicina Nuclear


FELIPE PICCARONE GONÇALVES RIBEIRO, Thiago Ferreira de Souza, Dihego Ferreira dos Santos, Allan de Oliveira Santos, Mariana da Cunha Lopes de Lima, Elba Cristina Sá de Camargo Etchebehere, Celso Darío Ramos, Bárbara Juarez Amorim